After the Soviets regained control in 1944, they deported the Crimean Tartars and several other nationalities to elsewhere in the USSR.  This was part of the 800,000 Germans in Russia who were relocated within the Soviet Union during Stalinist times. To the west Karkinit Bay separates the Tarkhankut Peninsula from the mainland. The Black Sea serves as an economic thoroughfare connecting the Caucasus region and the Caspian Sea to central and Eastern Europe.  In the mountains, the mean annual temperature is around 5.7C (42.3F). But that began to change in 2014: after a popular uprising in Ukraine ousted the country's Kremlin-friendly president, Russia annexed Crimea . This is second only to Norway's known resources of 1.53 trillion cubic meters. But it is one of the few nations with a closed-loop production in the titanium industry - from mining and processing of the titanium iron ores to the producer of finished products. For proof that the past is never really gone, you need look no further than Crimea, home to an ancient ethnic group known as the Tatars, who still wield considerable influence. Source: Krym.Realii Together the economic and political importance of gas and oil for Russia leads to its need to maintain an energy hegemony in Europe. Natural resources can be defined as the resources that exist (on the planet) independent of human actions. The shorter Chornaya flows west to Sevastopol Bay. At the aggravation of political situation between Russia and Ukraine, the . * Once a flourishing and wealthy colony of ancient Greeks, a trade hub for Venetians and Genoese, a center of sciences and the arts! The Crimean peninsula extends off the southern coast of Ukraine into the Black Sea. Follow Marc Lallanilla on Twitter and Google+. Visa and MasterCard temporarily stopped service in Crimea in December 2014. All are natural resources that play critical roles in the clean energy technology essential to the shift away from fossil fuels that scientists say is necessary to ward off the worst consequences . During the years of Soviet rule, the resorts and dachas of this coast served as prime perquisites of the politically loyal.  It was the first official census in Crimea since a Ukrainian-held census in 2001. Road- and rail-bridges cross the northern part of Syvash.  Interior: Most of the former capitals of Crimea stood on the north side of the mountains. (2010) and Ukraine-Crimea-Russia: Triangle of Conflict (2007). South of Sevastopol is the small Heracles Peninsula. For industrial purposes inside the peninsula and beyond, the needs of the population were almost completely covered by their own reserves. Though the United States, along with many other nations and the U.N., has refused to recognize the validity of Russia's annexation of Crimea, its control remains disputed between both Ukraine and the Russian Federation. Cape Fiolent. The energy picture in Crimea and Ukraine is also tricky: Crimea relies on Ukraine for much of its electricity, and Europe relies on Russia for about 25 percent of its natural gas, according.  For every 100m (330ft) increase in altitude, temperatures decrease by 0.65C (1.17F) while precipitation increases. The Black Sea sits at an important economic and civilizational crossroads on the Eurasian landmass. 16.02.2021 12:24. The main range of these mountains rises with extraordinary abruptness from the deep floor of the Black Sea to an altitude of 6001,545 metres (1,9695,069ft), beginning at the southwest point of the peninsula, called Cape Fiolent. Further east still is Theodosia/Kaffa/Feodosia, once a great slave-mart and a kind of capital for the Genoese and Turks. Putin's priority was this substantive population as Russia is the largest nation in the world and has large natural resources. According to National Geographic, Crimea was among the top 20 travel destinations in 2013. A natural resource might be any natural substance that humans utilise. Across the Black Sea to the west lies Romania and to the south is Turkey. Throughout this time the interior was occupied by a changing cast of steppe nomads. Solkhat/Staryi Krym was the old Tatar capital.  According to the 2001 Ukrainian population census, 60% of the population of Crimea are ethnic Russians and 24% are ethnic Ukrainians.. First discovered on grape, it has also been found as a pest of some other crops and has since spread worldwide. In Soviet times the many palaces were replaced with dachas and health resorts.  Russia then claimed to have annexed Crimea, although most countries still recognize Crimea as part of Ukraine.. On the north side of the peninsula is Chernomorskoe/Kalos Limen. This is around four per cent of Ukraine's GDP (Gross Domestic Product). Ukraine's ecology and natural resources minister estimated on Monday that Kiev had lost natural resources and related assets worth 127 billion hryvnias ($10.8 bln) when Russia annexed the Crimea . The Crimean Premier League is now the top professional football league in Crimea. Trolleybuses are also operated in Sevastopol and Kerch. 2.  In July mean temperatures range from 15.4C (59.7F) in Ai-Petri to 23.4C (74.1F) in the central parts of Crimea to 24.4C (75.9F) in Myskhor.  Winds from the northwest bring warm and wet air from the Atlantic Ocean, causing precipitation during spring and summer.  Maritime influences from the Black Sea are restricted to coastal areas; in the interior of the peninsula the maritime influence is weak and does not play an important role. There are signs the Black Sea contains a lot of wealth. Crimea (/ k r a m i / kry-MEE-) is a peninsula in Ukraine, on the northern coast of the Black Sea, that has been occupied by Russia since 2014.It has a population of 2.4 million. In the invasion of Crimea, Russia also seized subsidiaries of Ukraine's state energy conglomerate Naftogaz operating in the Black Sea, and stole billions of dollars of equipment for Gazprom, Russia's state-owned energy company. [Video - World War II Underwater Graveyard Discovered].  The number of tourist arrivals reached a record in 2012 at 6.1million. The text proclaims the Republic of Crimea is a democratic, legal state within the Russian Federation and an equal subject of the Russian Federation. The political system has become increasingly personalised, leading to the question of whether it can survive beyond Putin himself. This bridge was damaged during an attack on October 8, 2022. The largest of them is Lake Sasyk () on the southwest coast; others include Aqtas, Koyashskoye, Kiyatskoe, Kirleutskoe, Kizil-Yar, Bakalskoe, and Donuzlav. , Crimea is Ukrainian territory currently occupied by Russia; Ukraine has not relinquished title over the Crimean territory since the events of 2014, Crimea is internationally recognized as part of Ukraine. Further east is Sudak/Sougdia/Soldaia with its Genoese fort. [Censuses in Crimean Federal District], " " [Tables with the results of the Federal Statistical observation "Census in the Crimean Federal District"], Annexation of Crimea by the Russian Empire, Crimean Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic, Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, Annexation of Crimea by the Russian Federation, Learn how and when to remove this template message, International Transport Workers' Federation, International sanctions during the Ukrainian crisis, Ministry of Reintegration of Temporarily Occupied Territories, Ukrainian Orthodox Church Kyiv Patriarchate, Ukrainian Orthodox Church (Moscow Patriarchate), Russia currently being suspended from all international athletic competitions, 2014 Russian military intervention in Ukraine, International recognition of the Donetsk People's Republic and the Luhansk People's Republic, The Tatars of Crimea: Return to the Homeland: Studies and Documents, Jews in Byzantium: Dialectics of Minority and Majority Cultures, The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, "The Sultan's Raiders: The Military Role of the Crimean Tatars in the Ottoman Empire", "The Eye of the Whirlwind: Belarus and Ukraine", "Russia puts military on high alert as Crimea protests leave one man dead", "Gunmen Seize Government Buildings in Crimea", The Crimea Crisis An International Law Perspective, "UN General Assembly adopts resolution affirming Ukraine's territorial integrity", "Three canyons trekking (Chernorechensky Canyon, Uzunja Canyon and Grand Crimean Canyon). When you purchase through links on our site, we may earn an affiliate commission. The republic also possesses two oil fields: one onshore, the Serebryankse oil field in Rozdolne, and one offshore, the Subbotina oil field in the Black Sea. At the mouth of the Bug stood Olvia. ", "About number and composition population of Autonomous Republic of Crimea by data All-Ukrainian population census", "About number and composition population of Ukraine by data All-Ukrainian Population Census 2001", The Deportation and Destruction of the German Minority in the USSR, On Germans Living on the Territory of the Ukrainian SSR, The Persecution of Pontic Greeks in the Soviet Union, "Public Opinion Survey Residents of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea", Russia seeks to crush Ukrainian Orthodox Church in Crimea for helping resist Russification, , , The Ukrainian Church of the Moscow Patriarchate demanded the return of the Crimea, "Eurovision 2016: Ukraine's Jamala wins with politically charged 1944", "UEFA-backed league starts play in Crimea", "Ukrainian Sport Minister urges Federations not to let athletes switch to Russia without serving qualifying period", 14 Russians bid to take part in IAAF World Championships, Lists of Crimean Tartar villages emptied in the May 1944 deportations, and most of them renamed in Russian, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Crimea&oldid=1142337575, Russian-speaking countries and territories, Articles containing Russian-language text, Articles containing Ukrainian-language text, Articles containing Crimean Tatar-language text, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Articles with Russian-language sources (ru), Wikipedia extended-confirmed-protected pages, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Turkish-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2014, Wikipedia neutral point of view disputes from October 2022, All Wikipedia neutral point of view disputes, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2012, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2013, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles with sections that need to be turned into prose from March 2014, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2020, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2014, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2015, Pages using Sister project links with hidden wikidata, Articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License 3.0, (under construction) Tavrida highway (route Yevpatoria-) Sevastopol Simferopol (SW to W N to East ring) Bilohirsk, P59 (completely within the city of Sevastopol), This page was last edited on 1 March 2023, at 21:17. Numerous Crimean Tatar villages, mosques, monasteries, and palaces of the Russian imperial family and nobles are found here, as well as picturesque ancient Greek and medieval castles.