Imam al-asan ibn Al ibn Ab lib ( , 624-670 CE), commonly known as Hasan or Hassan, is the eldest son of Muhammad's daughter Fatimah and of Ali, and the older brother to Husayn. For Imam Hussain the people sent letter for him to come and save them from Yazid son of Mu'awiah, letter they were threatened and decided not to back Imam Hussain. 63 ofal-Aimmah al-Ithnay Asharby Sh. It only takes a minute to sign up. Who are the guardians of Mecca according to Shia theology? Muawiyyah had long been planting the seeds of mischief and lies in his region of governance. On another occasion, when Imam Hussain came toward Prophet Muhammad, the Messenger of God said. Any other use of the hosted content, such as for financial gain, requires express approval from the copyright owners. Al . To the Shia, the Ahlul-Bayt of the Prophet (S) consist of the following individuals ONLY: Nine descendants of Imam al-Husayn (as), Reference : https://www.al-islam.org/shiite-encyclopedia-ahlul-bayt-dilp-team/who-are-ahlul-bayt-part-1, Question: why don't we have a single descendant of Hassan among the 12 imams. The Prophet (saws) interacted with Hassan (as) and Hussein (as) as though they were his two sons and he was entrusted with them. and not a son of Imam al Hasan (a.). but Imam does not see God is chosen as the Imam. Kaydolmak ve ilere teklif vermek cretsizdir. Jafar Subhani, [ix]Pg. We will perform Wudu and Salah in front of you. Jafar Subhani, [xi]Pg. There are two very important things we should be wary of when learning from Imam Hassan (as) and the Ahlulbayt (as) alike: Despite the large span of time between the period of Ahlulbayt (as) and todays world, we shouldnt develop a view towards them where consider them mere figures of history. They came to a shack belonging to a very old woman. Muawiyah was able to bribe Imam Hasans wife to poison him. Muawiyah, the leader of the misinformation, hate, and, not to mention, military campaigns against Imam Ali was now focused on Imam Hasan. Imam Hasan knew that the best way to preserve the message of Prophet Muhammad and minimize the loss of life was by agreeing to a treaty with Muawiyah. Well, Mu'awiyah said he would make the religion rule and he did.  After the people of Kufa sent letters to Husayn and asking his help and pledging their allegiance to him, Husayn and his family members (including Qasim) and his companions traveled from Mecca to Kufa in Iraq but were forced to camp in the plains of Karbala by Yazid's army of 30,000 men. Even "Benjamin", who was the body brother of Prophet Yusuf, was deprived of this position. 56, 61 ofal-Aimmah al-Ithnay Asharby Sh. On the 7thday he was named Hussain and his Aqeeqa was performed. In Imam Hasans every decision, the advancement of principle was paramount. See. During the time of Imam Hassan (pbuh) pledging allegiance with Mu'awiyah was not the issue. So Imam Ali decided not to make any action, because the people didn't want him. One interpretation, according to Martyr Motahhari, is that when Imam Hussain (pbuh) was martyred, he was both protesting and at the same time encouraging what is right and forbidding what is wrong. angel directly but the messages of God is inspire to him or Imam If you regularly visit this site and wish to show your appreciation, or if you wish to see further development of Al-Islam.org, please donate online. Imam Ali was the Imam but it took him 25 years to become the caliphe. About JCPOA, the other side's actions matter, not their promises. What I said is view of twelver Shia. so the rasullAllah is more suitable for here. His father is Imam Hasan al-'Askari (a.s.), his mother Nargis Khatun. May 9, 2020. What is the difference between a Prophet and an Imam according to Shi'ite theology? In this battle, the camel had become a strong symbol of rebellion and was the root of bloodshed and conflict. And with the same quality, it was transferred from each Imam to another Imam until now, which is in the possession of the twelfth Imam. Only good would be mentioned regarding Imam Ali. 47 ofal-Aimmah al-Ithnay Asharby Sh. Imam al-asan ibn Al ibn Ab lib ( , 624670 CE), commonly known as Hasan or Hassan, is the eldest son of Muhammad's daughter Fatimah and of Ali, and the older brother to Husayn. Died: 10 th Muharram, 61 AH/680 CE . However, this was not the case at the time. Imam Hasan came home, sat on Why do academics stay as adjuncts for years rather than move around? When his mother saw that her son was upset, she gave him a letter that Qasim's father had written before he died. The Prophets performed miracles with the permission of Allah, so do the Imams. To subscribe to this RSS feed, copy and paste this URL into your RSS reader. An incident that wraps the whole idea was that group of people came to Imam Ali and wanted to pledge allegiance to him. The best answers are voted up and rise to the top, Not the answer you're looking for? The following incidents should give us a glimpse of the exemplary personality of Hazrat Imam Hassan and Imam Hussain (R.A): Once, Hazrat Imam Hassan and Imam Hussain (R.A) wrote some words in calligraphy on a blackboard. Jafar Subhani, [v]Pg. Zaidi differs in their view from twelver shia, that's right. We do not know exactly which Hadeeth you referred to in the question and mentioned that it is in Saheeh Al-Bukhari and Saheeh Muslim and other books of Hadeeth. Before Imam Ali was martyred, he said: My son, the Messenger of God had commanded me to have you carry out my will (as successor), and turn my books and weapon over to you just as he had me carry out his will (as successor) and turned his books and weapon over to mei, And so Imam Hasan carried on as both the spiritual and political leader, in the midst of threats and conspiracies far and wide. Imam Hassan (pbuh) was a caliph against whom a person from his own people had risen up in revolt. Rabbi Israel Moshe Hazan (c.1808 - 1863) Israel Moses ben Eliezer azzan (d. 1862) moved with his family to Jerusalem while still a child. So, while he was certain, he knew that the conditions did not promise a better future and there was no point in insisting on a war that would lead to more casualties. This protest was obligatory, and the culmination of the beauty and splendor of his actions was that he continued this protest until he was innocently killed. How do you ensure that a red herring doesn't violate Chekhov's gun? So, with my elementary readings in Shiite theology, specifically the Ithnashariyyah or the Twelver Shi'a branch, I couldn't differentiate between a Prophet and a Shi'ite Imam. Well, yes, if Imam Hassan was pressured to pledge allegiance, the situation would have been different, and this is the third difference. Through Imam Hussains profound wisdom and unmatched devotion, he taught, and continues to teach, generation after generation about the way to know God. Among Shia Muslims, Hasan is revered as the 2nd Imam.  When Hasan's brother Husayn ibn Ali prepared to leave Medina in 680, Qasim's mother Umm Farwa asked Husayn to take her and the young Qasim with him. But I knew the people of Kufah (the governing city at the time) and their predicament. Sure, the Imams may acquire an elevated position with Allah (swt), but they were humans just like us and felt the same emotions. Is there a solution to add special characters from software and how to do it. Imam Hassan was the Imam, but because Mua'wiyah gave money and land to the his followers he was left alone and had to come to, Imam Hussain was the Imam, but was brutally, Imam Sajjad, Imam Baqir, Imam Sadiq were all Imams but just, Imam Reza was Imam, while he was positioned as, Imam Hadi and Imam Hassan al-Askar were on, Imam Mahdi became the Imam at the age of 5. Why do the Shi'as believe that their Imams can provide divine guidance? Hazrat Jibrail (A.S) then did as commanded and dropped the apple over the boards. On the way, Imam Hussain was informed that his emissary to Kufah had been executed and that the people of Kufah had deserted him. Meaning, that Muawiyah extorted such extreme effort against Ali, had he directed this effort towards mountains instead, they would have perished. These are they whomAllahhas guided, therefore follow their guidance. Title: Sayyid al-Shuhada (the Master of Martyrs) Kunya: Aba Abd Allah. You must represent me on that day.. Since their names are not mentioned in quran wahi stopped with death of Prophet And why do zaidi imams are different than itna ashari? However, on the tenth day of that month, on the day of Ashura, in the land of Karbala, sacred blood was shed. Immediately Hazrat Jibrail (A.S) appeared and said, O Prophet of Allah, this decision will be made by Almighty Allah (S.W.T). Thus Almighty Allah commanded Hazrat Jibrail (A.S) to take an apple from Jannat and to drop it over their boards. Connect and share knowledge within a single location that is structured and easy to search. He would have been forced to submit to Mu'awiyah, but 10 years later. the Ummah should circle him, not him (The Ummah should go to him, not I wish to promote virtue and prevent vice. Do Nizari Ismaili Shias believe in the infallibility of all the Imams? Jafar Subhani, [vii]Pg. In the war of Jamal(Camel), Imam Ali (as) ordered his son Muhammad Ibn Al-Hanafiyyah to go into the middle of the battlefield and strike a spear in the thorax of the camel. The elegies, the reflections, the tears, and the principled actions of sincere devotees pronounce a glimpse of Imam Hussains universal message of Truth, Justice, and Love for humanity. They thus agreed to wait. Muawiyah would hold political authority, on the condition that he acts in accordance with the Book of God and the Prophetic Tradition. This excerpt represents a peek into the beauty which motivated Imam Hussain at the level of principles. Imam Hussain (pbuh), who rose up and was martyred, was praised by the people even at his own time. There were absolutely no differences on the treaty between Imam Hassan (a.s.) and Imam Hussain (a.s.) as per the Islamic historical sources. Imam Hussain again rejected the sacrilegious Yazid as a ruler and the system of monarchical despotism established by Muawiyyah. >I will make you the Imam to the nations is certainly not refering to the Imam concerning the Imamah doctrine of Shia but it referes to leader, Abraham was made a leader among all nations as an intrinsic quality of prophethood itself. Title:Sayyid al-Shuhada (the Master of Martyrs) Jaar Subhani, [x]Pg. He faced hardship and was denied his rights but always stood for Truth. With Muawiyyahs death, Yazid quickly assumed the political throne and attempted to force his will upon Imam Hussain. They then kindly asked if she had anything for them to eat. Welcome O Aba Abdillah (Hussain), O you who is the adornment of the heavens and earth! Another person present was taken aback and asked, How can anyone be the adornment of the heavens and earth other than you, O Messenger of God? Prophet Muhammad replied: (I swear) by the One who sent me as a Prophet with Truth that the remembrance of Hussain, the son of Ali, is greater in heaven than it is on earth. He was the embodiment of the character of his grandfather Sayyiduna Rasoolullah (S.A.W) and of his blessed parents. It's not that the next Imam has to be the first son. It's somewhat a democracy. Manage all your favorite fandoms in one place! Therefore, you can see that the circumstances were completely different in these two cases. Enter the OTP you received in your Email Inbox. Imam Hussain (pbuh) confronted an oppressive, anti-Islamic ruler, but during the time of Imam Hassan (pbuh) Mu'awiyah claimed to act in accordance with Islam. Money in the treasury would be distributed among the children of those men who were martyred while fighting alongside Imam Ali in different battles against Muawiyah and other enemies. She replied that all together they had given her two thousand goats and two thousand dinars. Do twelver shia really say one imam stays silent regarding divine guidance when 2 are present? Identity of murderer of Al-Husayn, may Allah be pleased with him, Prophet, sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam, foretold that Al-Hasan would reconcile between two great groups, Faatimah was eighteen when she married Ali, Only wives of Prophet, sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam, are mothers of believers, Religions, Sects and Da'wah (Call to Islam), Jinaayaat (Criminology) and Islamic Judicial System, Islamic Politics and International Affairs, Medical Issues, Media, Culture and Means of Entertainment. For Sunnis basically anyone who's ruling is the caliphe. , Qasim asked his uncle, "Will I also be among the martyrs?" Can I tell police to wait and call a lawyer when served with a search warrant? The difference between these two men is that because Imam Hassan (as) is a direct descendant of the Prophet (saws), he inherited and demonstrated the courage of the Prophet (saws), unlike Muhammad Ibn Al-Hanaffiyah who was of mixed blood. This fragrant rose of the holy Prophet Muhammad (S), the son of Ali (as) and Fatimah (sa) is a shining example of excellent manners and piety. Imam Hussain ibn 'Ali (R.A) Name:Imam . Arabic text with the name of Qasim ibn Hasan, List of casualties in Husayn's army at the Battle of Karbala, "Hazrat Qasim (as) coolness of Imam Hassan (as)'s heart", "The Night of al-Qasim ibn Hassan hold in Stockholm, Sweden / Photos", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Al-Qasim_ibn_Hasan_ibn_Ali&oldid=1140112955, Pages using infobox religious biography without religion parameter, Articles having same image on Wikidata and Wikipedia, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License 3.0, Muharram 10, 61 AH / October 7, 680 CE (aged 13), This page was last edited on 18 February 2023, at 14:13. 111-113 ofSeerat al-Aimmahby Sh. How does the Shi'ite view of Infallibility of the Prophets and the Imams reconcile with the examples in Qur'an? Phone number: 1-877-313-4626 | 1-313-562-4626, A Blueprintfor the Shia Muslim Community, (Main Office) 22000 Garrison St. Dearborn, MI 48124, 4000 Legato Rd., Suite 1100 Fairfax, VA 22033. Imam Hasan was left with a military of shaken morale, subsequent betrayals within his own camp, and a ruthless enemy waiting to take advantage of the situation. According to wiki, Hasan had 15 sons and 9 daughters but most of them died early. They are far greater and more profound than that. Let the age of the father be x. Imam Hassan (a.s.) Imam Hussain (a.s.) Imam Sajjad (a.s.) Imam Baqer (a.s.) Imam Sadeq (a.s.) Imam Kazem (a.s.) Imam Reza (a.s.) Imam Jawad (a.s.) Imam Hadi (a.s.) Ahlul Bayt Digital Islamic Library Project 1995-2023. Both the children are at a certain place and Almighty Allah has appointed angels to protect them.. The Hadeeth states also : Their father is better than them . However, every year, across the globe, the principled struggle of the noble 72 defenders led by Imam Hussain has been commemorated. Both brothers then went to the court of the Beloved Rasool (S.A.W), who looked at their work and said, This decision will be made by Hazrat Jibrail (A.S). Were there non-Imam Prophets as per Shia Islam? Imam Hasans wise decisions were giving way for a mass revival, which would culminate years later. Have a look at 2:30; 38:26; 2:124; 32:24 you are right, the names of the twelve Imams are not mentioned in the Qur'an but theProphet has mentioned their names. You should have stayed and prevented him. Therefore, there would have been places for questioning him. The old woman was now very pleased, and took the four thousand goats and four thousand dinars and went to her husband. Going back and forth between the effects (which lead to You) entails a distanced visit; So gather me unto You through a service which will lead me to You! On the right of Gods throne, he (Imam Hussain) is written as the lamp of guidance and the ship of salvation[ii], This unique individual was to become the third immaculate Imam. 283-285, Vol. prophet has many titles and each is used where is more suitable. where is imam hussain head buried. The Al-Islam.org site and the DILP are entirely supported by individual donors and well wishers. 44 ofBihar al-Anwarby Allamah Majlisi, [iv]Pg.