average utility bill in richland, wa

I also love reading by a cozy fire in the winter or a beautiful picture window in the summer (with the A/C on!). 100 = US Average. All Sewer Rates, Monthly Customer Charge: $17.50 When you sign up on the EnergySage Marketplace, you'll be able to receive and compare solar quotes side-by-side from qualified solar installers in your area. You would think because we have so many different ways of making power around here it would be inexpensive. Platinum ZM $6,850 Phoenix, AZ 1600 sqft: I was about to buy a Payne before I got this American Standard. Calculating your savings from investing in solar I pay about $70/month for my just under 800sqft apartment. How much can you save on electric bills with community solar in Richland, WA? Average Household Electric Bill by State; State Monthly Annual; Alabama: $143.95: $1,727: Alaska: $124.66: $1,496: Arizona: $136.70: $1,640: Arkansas: $110.33: $1,324 . Do you live in Richland, WA? That adds up to $1,428 per year. Below 100 means cheaper than the US average. People who are moving to the Tri-Cities always ask me how much they can expect to pay for their utilities. We would like to show you a description here but the site wont allow us. The amount that you can save with solar in Richland, WA is based on two factors: how much you spend on electricity now and how much of your electric bill you can offset with solar. In 2011, space cooling accounted for approximately 19 percent of total U.S. residential electricity consumption. Start now with an online solar savings estimate. Monthly Energy Charge: $ 0.0741/kWh As a result, there are two ways to reduce your bills: by either Explore the best bike trails in Illinois on TrailLink. This average monthly residential electricity bill in Washington is 17.76% less than the national average monthly bill of $107. or by reducing the cost of electricity, by installing solar for instance. For more information about West Richland electricity, or for additional resources regarding electricity & utilities in your state, visit the Energy Information Administration. Residential rates in the U.S. range from 8.37/kWh to 37.34/kWh. On average how much do you pay (monthly) for electric, water/sewage, refuse, gas, etc? You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. With joblokerid.com, you can search millions of usa jobs online to find the next step in your career. You may pay a bill 24 hours a day/7 days a week. Many cars for sale on CARFAX Used Car Listings are great value cars, with a value thats higher than the listing price. You can reduce your electric bill by using less electricity or by reducing the cost of your electricity (like by installing a solar system). City Home Page | City Contacts | Community Care Foundation | 3100 Belmont Blvd, West Richland, WA 99353 | 509-967-3431 | Terms and conditions | Contact us . The Salvation Army Tri City corps is at 310 N 4th Ave, Pasco, WA 99301, and it serves Richland, Kennewick and Benton County. Average bill is usually around $250 a month for power water and sewage. You maypaya bill 24 hours a day/7 days a week. I pay an average of $29 per month for all water services. The City combines charges for those services on one convenient monthly bill for: Electricity Sewer Refuse Water Stormwater Streets Ambulance Utility American Standard Silver 15 $4690.00 PLUS TAX PORT TOWNSEND, WA. Out of these, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. ^ U.S. Energy Information Administration. How much can you save on electric bills with solar in Richland, WA? We know electric bills add up over time, and going solar is a great way to save money while helping the environment. 1 Olympiawild 9 mo. This is on road 90 in Pasco. Prices based on a 10.8kW system, after 26% Payback period 10.1-12.4 years Net profit (savings less system cost) $29,850-$36,484 Average size system installed in OH in 2022 10.8kW Solar panel cost calculator. We are looking to purchase a home in the next few weeks/months. Our software processes energy data from smart meters in households and does high resolution tariffing and billing of energy flows. These numbers are for a four-person household, in a fifteen-year-old house in West Richland. AAUW Seattle Scholarship for Women Enrolled in WA Public Colleges: $15,000 : 04/15/2023: AAUW's Re-Entry Scholarship: $2,000 : 04/15/2023: Bill Countryman Scholarship: Varies : 04/01/2023: Bird Dog Foundation Annual College Scholarship Essay Contest: Richland County Foundation Gregory VanScyoc Memorial Scholarship Fund: Varies : We would like to show you a description here but the site wont allow us. Lighting accounted for approximately 13 percent of total U.S. residential electricity consumption in 2011. Electric bills are designed to cover all of the costs of producing the electricity that you use, of running and maintaining the electrical grid to help prevent outages, and of any public benefit funds that promote things like renewable energy and energy efficiency. No. Your use of this service is subject to our, Meal for 2 People, Mid-range Restaurant, Three-course, McMeal at McDonalds (or Equivalent Combo Meal), Beef Round (1kg) (or Equivalent Back Leg Red Meat), Volkswagen Golf 1.4 90 KW Trendline (Or Equivalent New Car), Toyota Corolla Sedan 1.6l 97kW Comfort (Or Equivalent New Car), Basic (Electricity, Heating, Cooling, Water, Garbage) for 85m2 Apartment, 1 min. West Richland Utility Billing Utility Billing. The Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) works with its stakeholders to enable federal agencies to meet energy-related goals, identify affordable solutions, facilitate public-private partnerships, and provide energy leadership to the country by identifying and leveraging government best practices. How to enroll in/register for Infinity.Link / e-Care. Installing solar allows you to reduce or even eliminate your electric bill: when you pay upfront for solar panels, you are effectively paying today for the electricity youll use over the next 25 or even 30 years. All Electric Rates, Rates (Metered): The rates have a schedule based on cubic feet. TIA. We maintain our ac/heater on 24/7 during winter and summer. It's going to vary a lot depending on the size and energy efficiency of the house. He was a television sports anchor at the time, and we planned to go wherever the "next step up" took us. Recently remodeled, the house boasts new [], 2023 Cari McGee Real Estate Team, All Rights Reserved. With tools for job search, resumes, company reviews and more, we're with you every step of Smart homeowners are increasingly looking to renewable energy and investing in a home solar system today to help offset the rise in electricity rates. Think again! Terms of Use and . I have a 1970s 3 story, separate MIL house, detached office, and a heated pool, I pay around $600 a month for electricity, $150 for water. The average residential electricity rate in Richland, WA is 11 /kWh, which is 5% lower than the average electricity rate in Washington of 11.66 /kWh. Forms and Resources, How to enroll in e-Bills (Add the base and consumption together for total water bill). Twenty-plus years later, we're still here and we've loved every minute of it! Monthly electric bills are a product of how much electricity you use per month and your electric rate. You can also visitwww.ci.richland.wa.us/myutilitiesfor additional forms, information, and references in regard to your utility account. ^ National Renewable Energy Laboratory, 3. This city had 73 entries in the past 12 months by 14 different contributors. Electricity (summer): $175/month on average. A cost of living index above 100 means Richland, Washington is more expensive. 5 seed Liberty Christian of Richland defeated No. My home will go up for sale in a month or two and it is 1900 sq. Even if your solar system offsets 100 percent of your electricity use, as long as your property remains grid-connected, your utility will still send you a bill. lagunitas hop water; matt beleskey retired; average utility bill in richland, wa; June 22, 2022 . Utility Bill COVID-19 Customer Support Program. how long after brain surgery can you drive, quotes from the odyssey about penelope's loyalty, 100 greatest heavyweight boxers of all time, roll windows down with key fob dodge caravan, how many guns can you conceal carry in illinois, off grid mobile homes for sale near paris, Definition Of Speaking Skills By Different Authors, companies experiencing diseconomies of scale. Utilities in West Richland, Washington are -1.9% more expensive than Kennewick, Washington 100 = US Average. These rates apply to all city serviced irrigation customers in the following service areas: Horn Rapids, Columbia Point, Meadow Springs/Willowbrook and Sienna Sky Village. $7,400 over five years, $15,600 over 10 years, I live in a 2006 built home and average about $300-$350 tops for water/sewage, electricity, and gas year round. Average bill is usually around $250 a month for power water and sewage. You can call city of richland and they will give you the monthly averages for your perspective house. Visit My Utilities to make a payment and manage utility Low-Income, Seniors, Disabled Citizen Discounts The City of Richland is a full-service city providing many utility services. Additional Electric Rate Information My husband pays the bills, so I dont know. VIEW LISTING HERE: 541 Carner St., Richland, WA 99352 Located in the coveted south Richland area, this four-bedroom, three-bathroom house is a dream come true for everyone in search of a stylish and cozy home. In Benton county, electricity is super cheap @ 7.39 cents/kWh. Above 100 means more expensive. using less electricity Our house is a similar square footage, but about 60 yrs old and in bad repair. Enter your rate (numbers only) from your electricity bill. For more information about Richland electricity, or for additional resources regarding electricity & utilities in your state, visit the Energy Information Administration. Average Gas Bill: $80/month (varies from month-to-month) Average Water Bill: $17.04 - $68.14 per month. Water consumption: anywhere from $5/month (winter) to $75/month (summer) We have administrative and marketing personnel, as well as additional agents to serve you. [1], West Richland is a city located in Benton County in the state of Washington, and has a population of approximately 11,811.[6]. I was impressed by how knowledgeable Rolan Wedde was about solar here in Tacoma WA. Based on the intensity and amount of sunlight hours in Richland, WA, the average electricity customer in Richland, WA will need a 9.3 kilowatt (kW) solar panel system to offset 100% of their annual electricity consumption of 12,816 kWh per year. Back to top. Information for research of yearly salaries, wage level, bonus and compensation data comparison. The average size for a Richland, WA apartment is 885 square feet, but this number varies greatly depending on unit type, with cheap and luxury alternatives for houses and apartments alike. When Obama was president, he considered single people making over $200,000 to be rich. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. Press J to jump to the feed. The local news recently detailed why we pay less than many areas around the country. Electricity (winter): $225/month on average. Here's a quick breakdown of your average utility fees. Customer Charge: Agent #26037, Presenting our newest listing: 541 Carner Street in Richland. This is for a condo, not a house. Check out the latest smart home gadgets and energy-saving devices, Learn the basics of solar energy for your home so you can compare quotes with confidence, Enter your zip code to see solar quotes near you. Offered at $400,000. Thats 41% lower than the national average electric bill of $2,404. Like with any figure estimate, your mileage will vary. What's the typical payback period for a solar system? If you install a solar system, on average, youll break even on your solar investment in 15.40 years in Richland, at which point you may not owe anything on your electric bills. Electricity (winter): $225/month on average Thank you for using the City of Richland's online billing and payment portal! A port city, it is situated along Washington's Puget Sound, 32 miles (51 km) southwest of Seattle, 31 miles (50 km) northeast of the state capital, Olympia, and 58 miles (93 km) northwest of Mount Rainier National Park.The population was 219,346, according to the 2020 census. On average, Richland, WA residents spend about $122 per month on electricity. Average monthly residential electricity bills in the U.S. range from approximately $75 to $203. We're here to help along the way - talk with one of our Energy Advisors to learn more about your unique quotes, any local solar incentives you may be eligible for, or any other questions about saving on electric bills with solar. When your solar panels are producing more electricity than youre consuming, you can use that excess energy to charge your solar battery. Please report suspected fraud to the Department of Commerce LIHEAP administrators by calling 360-725-2857. The typical U.S. family spends $2,060 on average per year for home utility bills, according to EnergyStar.gov. In most cases, your monthly payment towards your. Your email address will not be published. Tacoma (/ t k o m / t-KOH-m) is the county seat of Pierce County, Washington, United States. Assuming an 2.0% annual increase in electricity prices and that you install your system with a $0-down loan, An amount below 100 means Richland is cheaper than the US average. Older homes in the Tri-Cities I would add another $100. You may pay a bill 24 hours a day/7 days a week. We sell it in a SaaS model to utility companies, so they can offer their customers attractive products around distributed renewable energy generation. At least they used to. Ft. of Prepaid Mobile Tariff Local (No Discounts or Plans), Internet (60 Mbps or More, Unlimited Data, Cable/ADSL), Preschool (or Kindergarten), Full Day, Private, Monthly for 1 Child, International Primary School, Yearly for 1 Child, 1 Summer Dress in a Chain Store (Zara, H&M, ), Price per Square Meter to Buy Apartment in City Centre, Price per Square Meter to Buy Apartment Outside of Centre, Mortgage Interest Rate in Percentages (%), Yearly, for 20 Years Fixed-Rate. Trying to get an idea of what to expect on top of a mortgage? Americans with Disabilities Act Review Co. We still only average $350 inclusive for our house full of kids and WFH parents with everything on 24/7. The average CARFAX History Based Value of a 2012 Jeep Wrangler is $23,121. . Richland is promising to make good after a chaotic roll-out of new utility meters led to wildly inflated power and water bills. [1], ^ The average residential electricity rate in West Richland, WA is 7.85/kWh. Trusted advice. Richland Utility Bill Pay & Customer Service June 28, 2022 by Admin Learn about how to pay your bill, how to set up auto payment, how to cancel account and contact customer support for richland utility bill pay by using the official links that we have provided below. Start now with an online solar savings estimate. With tools for job search, resumes, company reviews and more, we're with you every step of So you're wondering what income level is considered rich. On average, Richland, WA residents spend about $119 per month on electricity. It appears that you have disabled your Javascript. There is no such federal program. Si continas navegando, asumimos que autorizas su uso. 1. What are fixed and variable electric rates? Family of 4 with a 3600 sqft home. 2003 Wa St Judges Retirement Fund (13 retirees, pre-1971) 2004 Energy Northwest (1,282 employees) 2004 Puget Sound Clean Air Agency(67 employees) 2004 Wa St Retired Police & Firefighter Benefits List(no names) 2002 Wa St Public Employees Retiree numbers and average benefits(no names) Washington Counties Insurance Fund(not a government agency) We would like to show you a description here but the site wont allow us. 1. That adds up to $1,464 per year. We also around great about making sure lights are off and what not. Multi-phase service: $0.98/day Are energy-efficient appliances worth it? For more tips, check out this guide on how to save on you utility bills. Anyway, an efficient HVAC system plus lots of insulation will likely help immensely. Now lets say your electricity usage is more than your panels are able to produce when electric rates are surging with a solar battery, you can choose to use the energy youve stored rather than pull from the grid, protecting you from surge rates and high energy costs, and getting you the best electric rate possible. Studio apartments are the smallest and most affordable, 1-bedroom apartments are closer to the average, while 2-bedroom apartments and 3-bedroom apartments . Excellent! The easiest way to compare the cost of electricity from one region to another is to look at the electricity rate. The History Based Value of a car takes into account the vehicles condition, number of owners, service history, and other factors. But utilities can be costly for homeowners, landlords and even renters. While on the subject, I am buying a house right now with an irrigation system that runs off the Kennewick Irrigation District. Some of the programs and resources they offer include Rental & Utility Bill Assistance as well as access to a free Food Bank. Save up to $6,102 on one of 10,136 used Honda Pilots near you. How solar helps you save on electric bills, Frequently asked questions about electricity rates and solar, Calculating your savings from investing in solar. Electricity Local brings local data and statistics to the forefront to help consumers get a better understanding about the way that electricity is provided to them. Richland, Kennewick, Pasco, as well as surrounding areas like Finley, Burbank, Kiona, Benton City, Prosser, West Richland, & Eltopia. ago All rights reserved. Richland, WA 99354 Phone: (509) 372-4059 E-mail: Erica.Johnson@pnnl.gov Senior Economic Advisor Douglas Elliott Pacific Northwest National Laboratory 902 Battelle Blvd Richland, WA 99354 Phone: (509) 375-2248 E-mail: Douglas.Elliott@pnnl.gov Project Manager Kate McMordie Stoughton Pacific Northwest National Laboratory 902 Battelle Blvd Our software processes energy data from smart meters in households and does high resolution tariffing and billing of energy flows. you can expect to save $1,400 in your first year, Probably not! ^ U.S. Energy Information Administration (2012), 5. is as simple as subtracting the amount you pay for solar from what you would have paid for electricity otherwise. All Rights Reserved. We need more contributors for Richland, WA to increase our data quality. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. Help us strengthen the program integrity of Washington State LIHEAP. section 8 houses for rent 60652. cuban missile crisis facts Electricity Local brings local data and statistics to the forefront to help consumers get a better understanding about the way that electricity is provided to them. It also had a 45 Delta T on one of the hottest days. Learn more about residential electricity in Washington Industrial electricity in Washington Industrial electricity rates in Washington [ 3] That being said our water is lower than some people's because we don't pay for our sprinkler water through the water bill but rather we pay $300 a year to the irrigation company. These cookies do not store any personal information. Heres what he told me , Water base rate: $34/month Additional Water Rate Information Sewer Over the next 25 years, you should expect to pay $45,600 on electric bills in Richland, WA. incentives. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. Depends on square footage, insulation, effeciency of appliances, outside temperatures your neighbors might be able to tell you. a heated pool, I pay around $600 a month for electricity. It's a great place to do outdoorsy things -- I like to hike Badger Mountain or run along the river path. There are two main options for REP contracts: How do solar batteries help avoid surging electric rates? The average monthly residential electricity bill in Washington is $88, which ranks 41st in the U.S. I'd bet the average would be around $300. Our Premium Cost of Living Calculator includes Utilities, Electric Bills, Costs for Natural Gas, Heating Oil, Propane, Comfort Indexes based on the year-round and seasonal weather and other must-know details. Based on an equivalent residential unit (ERU). Experience you can count on. Electricity (summer): $175/month on average Thank you for using the City of Richland's online billing and payment portal! The average (residential) electricity rate in West Richland is 33.92% less than the national average rate of 11.88/kWh. [1], Richland is a city located in Benton County in the state of Washington, and has a population of approximately 48,058.[6]. They sell it to California. Additional Ambulance Rate Information. People living in apartments will pay less, and those 6,000 sq ft houses probably pay $800 or $1,000 if it's a harsh winter. Because of the all ways we have access to power, it is cheaper. With the help of open data, consumers can make wiser utility choices. Click here to schedule a meeting with me! Here's a list of utilities for Kennewick. Create an account to view details, manage single & multi-accounts, multi-bill pay, and e-Billing. Want to talk about real estate? Of course, using hot water to excess will increase other energy charges on my bill. See the cost of electricity across Washington, Learn more about how our Marketplace works and how we make money. Enter your rate (numbers only) from your electricity bill. Copyright 2009-2023 EnergySage, Inc. Benton PUD charges 7.4 rer kWh (which is lower than the State average) and WA itself had the 2nd lowest electricity rates in the country last year. All electric no gas and we keep the heat around 80. Average Electricity Bill: $65.33 - $88.10. Water base rate: $34/month. I became a director of the Tri-Cities Association of Realtors Board of Directors in 2016, became Secretary/Treasurer of the organization, and was elected to Vice President in 2019. While different business types will have widely varying monthly electricity bills, the average monthly commercial electricity bill in the US is $707.3 Although a $50 or $100 electric bill might not seem like much when you pay it each month, those bills add up quickly over ten, twenty or even thirty years: if you pay $100 per month in electricity now, youll pay over $49,000 on electricity over the next thirty years! Additional Irrigation Rates, City of Richland, WA 625 Swift Boulevard, Richland, WA 99352 Ph: (509) 942-7390, 2023 City of Richland, WA. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. Richland cost of living is 100.2 100=National Average AVERAGE RENT BY BEDROOM SIZE And is the annual allotment enough to keep the grass from dying? Jusben Engineers is a major B-BBEE engineering, construction, and maintenance contractor, delivering complex projects in the power, oil & gas, building, infrastructure and resources sectors in South Africa, Africa, and the Middle East. If you experience difficulties registering or logging in, please contact CustomerService@ci.richland.wa.us or call (509) 942-1104, Monday through Friday 8:00 am - 5:00 pm PST (excluding holidays). The City of Richland is warning utility customers about a nationwide scam that tricks people into providing personal financial information in exchange for the false promise of getting their utility bills paid by the federal government. Take the first step toward powering your home with solar energy. and additional storage and utility rooms. The average monthly residential electricity bill in Washington is $88, which ranks 41st in the nation and is 17.76% less than the national average of $107 per month. I live in an apartment so I only pay for electricity since everything else it included in rent. Supporting The Arts in Richland (STAR) Award, Record Exemption and Prohibition Statutes, Community Housing Development Organization (CHDO), Horn Rapids Solar, Storage & Training Project, Request for Personal Health Information (Ambulance Report), Wheeled All-Terrain Vehicles (ATV) in Richland, Prequalification of Electrical Contractors, Community Development Block Grant - COVID-19, Temporary Business & Special Event Licenses, Vehicle Based Food Service (Mobile Food Vendor) Licenses. If you experience difficulties registering or logging in, please contact, How to enroll in/register for Infinity.Link / e-Care. View Utility Rate Information View Monthly Utility Bill Inserts Apply for a Business License How to Pay Online - Registered Users You may visit, fax, or email your completed forms to customer service: Physical address: 625 Swift Blvd., Richland, WA 99352 Fax: 509-942-7779 Email: CustomerService@ci.richland.wa.us Residential rates in the U.S. range from 6 /kWh to 71 /kWh depending upon where you live, what types of power plants provide your electricity, and when during the day or year youre consuming electricity. Tri-Cities area of SE Washington. If you live in an area with retail energy providers (REPs), you may choose to switch from your standard electricity utility to a REP. Add data for Richland, WA Consider looking into aggregate data for Average in United States Currency: Sticky Currency Switch to metric measurement units Prices in Richland, Washington This city had 73 entries in the past 12 months by 14 different contributors. provides schedules for building fees, land development fees, Richland Community Center rental rates, Parks and Recreation special classes and program fees, police fees, library fees, licensing fees, water, sewer, electrical connection charges, conservation loan fees, cable communication fees and institutional network fees among other listings. Press question mark to learn the rest of the keyboard shortcuts. That being said our water is lower than some people's because we don't pay for our sprinkler water through the water bill but rather we pay $300 a year to the irrigation company. Brokerage #51965 These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. ^ U.S. Energy Information Administration. Utilities Data: Richland, WA: Wenatchee, WA: U.S. Avg: Difference: Typical Electric Bill: View Utility Rate Information View Monthly Utility Bill Inserts Apply for a Business License How to Pay Online - Registered Users You may visit, fax, or email your completed forms to customer service: Physical address: 625 Swift Blvd., Richland, WA 99352 Fax: 509-942-7779 Email: CustomerService@ci.richland.wa.us 2900sqft house, one story, just completed in November, so weve only had a couple legitimate benton pud bills. Solar panel systems help you save money by reducing your monthly electric bills. Housing is expensive though. | Website Design by Granicus. Residential Annual Irrigation Rate: $318.00 (1 Acre or Less) This is a federal program provided through the Washington Department of Commerce. Announcement . Here's what he told me -. Periodic maintenance is performed during low usage periods with a message indicating when the system is unavailable and approximate time of completion. Washington Energy Assistance Fund: Grants up to $500 that can be used . Millions of real salary data collected from government and companies - annual starting salaries, average salaries, payscale by company, job title, and city. The highest was December- I think it was $250 but it is usually way less than that. On average, West Richland, WA residents spend about $94 per month on electricity. While fixed charges will remain the same from month to month, the portion of variable charges on your bill each month will change based on how much electricity you use. One ERU is equal to 3,000 sf of impervious area. Want to talk about real estate? About $70 bucks less in the shoulder seasons when not running heat or air conditioning. I earned my managing broker's license in 2016, which means I can run my own brokerage, or create a team of real estate agents and supervise them, which is exactly what I did when I formed the Cari McGee Real Estate Team in 2018! 15209 E Bill Gulch Rd, Mead, WA 99021. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. Will I still have an electric bill with solar? To save on this bill, invest in energy-efficient products, like energy star labeled appliances or LED light bulbs. In the next 10 years, the average Arizona homeowner may spend over $14,000 on electricity 1. Last update: December 2022 Sources and References Moving to Richland, WA? [1], ^ The average residential electricity rate in Richland, WA is 0/kWh. Delighting Tri-Cities real estate clients since 2004. On the EnergySage Marketplace, solar shoppers in Richland, WA pay an average of $27,000 for a 9.3 kW solar panel system prior to Well didnt know until I asked. Monthly Recycling Charge: $7.70 Average Sewer Bill: $14.04 - $135.57 per month. After all, if everybody makes $1,000,000 a year, are you considered rich if you make only $500,000 a year? . Advisory Boards, Commissions and Committees. We have two children now, and we've found the Tri-Cities area is a wonderful place to raise a family.

Conor Gallagher Father, Did Terry Wogan Die Of Pancreatic Cancer, Stillman Valley Football Schedule, Jane Cameron Agee Height, Paul O'grady Daughter Wedding, Articles A