Contributors have included Ezra Pound, William Butler Yeats, William Carlos Williams, Langston Hughes, and Carl Sandburg, among others.  The Loop's historic buildings include the Chicago Board of Trade Building, the Fine Arts Building, 35East Wacker, and the Chicago Building, 860-880 Lake Shore Drive Apartments by Mies van der Rohe. Chicago is served by O'Hare International Airport, the world's busiest airport measured by airline operations, on the far Northwest Side, and Midway International Airport on the Southwest Side. The normal winter high from December through March is about 36F (2C). The Chicago Bulls of the National Basketball Association (NBA) is one of the most recognized basketball teams in the world. Chicago had more homicides than any other city in 2015 in total but not on per capita basis, according to the Chicago Tribune. In recent years the state of Illinois has been leaning towards building an entirely new airport in the Illinois suburbs of Chicago. On this Wikipedia the language links are at the top of the page across from the article title. views about homosexuality by metro area, Learn More: views about homosexuality, Should be accepted, Should be discouraged, % of adults in the Chicago metro area who same-sex marriage, Compare:  The region also has the largest number of federal highways and is the nation's railroad hub.  The magnet school with the largest enrollment is Lane Technical College Prep High School. frequency of reading scripture by metro area, Learn More: frequency of reading scripture, At least once a week, Once or twice a month, Seldom/never, % of adults in the Chicago metro area who say the holy scripture is, Compare: Dutch Wheels, a world renowned company that manufactures ferris wheels, was selected to design the new wheel. These laws became templates for public health reform in other cities and states. , Chicago Public Schools (CPS) is the governing body of the school district that contains over 600 public elementary and high schools citywide, including several selective-admission magnet schools. In February 1856, Chicago's Common Council approved Chesbrough's plan to build the United States' first comprehensive sewerage system.  The three sides of the city are represented on the Flag of Chicago by three horizontal white stripes. Gary/Chicago International Airport and Chicago Rockford International Airport, located in Gary, Indiana and Rockford, Illinois, respectively, can serve as alternative Chicago area airports, however they do not offer as many commercial flights as O'Hare and Midway. While the Chicago Loop is the central business district, Chicago is also a city of neighborhoods. The historic Chicago Cultural Center (1897), originally serving as the Chicago Public Library, now houses the city's Visitor Information Center, galleries and exhibit halls. , The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Chicago operates Catholic schools, that include Jesuit preparatory schools and others including St. Rita of Cascia High School, De La Salle Institute, Josephinum Academy, DePaul College Prep, Cristo Rey Jesuit High School, Brother Rice High School, St. Ignatius College Preparatory School, Mount Carmel High School, Queen of Peace High School, Mother McAuley Liberal Arts High School, Marist High School, St.Patrick High School and Resurrection High School. Two of the city's largest parks are also located on this side of the city: Jackson Park, bordering the waterfront, hosted the World's Columbian Exposition in 1893, and is the site of the aforementioned museum; and slightly west sits Washington Park.  Landmarks in the city include Millennium Park, Navy Pier, the Magnificent Mile, Art Institute of Chicago, Museum Campus, Willis (Sears) Tower, Grant Park, Museum of Science and Industry, and Lincoln Park Zoo. Map Chicago city, Illinois United States Chart View .  Structural changes in industry, such as globalization and job outsourcing, caused heavy job losses for lower-skilled workers. The city responded by tunneling two miles (3.2km) out into Lake Michigan to newly built water cribs. .  The boulevards and the parks were authorized by the Illinois legislature in 1869. His accomplishments included improvements to parks and creating incentives for sustainable development, as well as closing Meigs Field in the middle of the night and destroying the runways. Chicago is the birthplace of gospel, electric blues, house, juke, footwork, and drill. , As the site of the Chicago Portage, the city became an important transportation hub between the eastern and western United States. He defeated Douglas in the general election, and this set the stage for the American Civil War. According to U.S. Census Bureau, 48.53 percent of the Chicago population is male and 51.47 percent are female. Future services will terminate at Rockford and Moline.  Chicago has the third largest Italian American population in the United States, behind only New York City and Philadelphia. Chicago's Italian community has historically been based along the Taylor Street and Grand Avenue corridors on the West Side of the city. Computer and Internet Use. Chicago's flourishing economy attracted huge numbers of new immigrants from Europe and migrants from the Eastern United States. Jones, Dale E., et al. American Religious Identity at the County Level . The city lies within USDA plant hardiness zone 6a, transitioning to 5b in the suburbs. The magazine discovered such poets as Gwendolyn Brooks, James Merrill, and John Ashbery. Although their numbers dropped because of reduced emigration from Germany and because World War I had made it unpopular to acknowledge one's German heritage, 22 percent of Chicago's population still did so in 1920. Parks district - https://www.chicagoparkdistrict.com/. It includes Rush University Medical Center, ranked as the second best hospital in the Chicago metropolitan area by U.S. News & World Report for 201416, the University of Illinois Medical Center at Chicago, Jesse Brown VA Hospital, and John H. Stroger Jr. Hospital of Cook County, one of the busiest trauma centers in the nation.. The Exposition drew 27.5million visitors, and is considered the most influential world's fair in history. Rahm Emanuel (to April 2019) 2010 census population (rank): 2,695,598 (3); Male:Female:White:Black:American Indian and Alaska Native:Asian:Other race:Two or more races .  Chicago also ranks third in the U.S. (behind Las Vegas and Orlando) in number of conventions hosted annually. It reports the number of congregations in every U.S. county and equivalents for participating faith groups. , The city has seen a rise in population for the 2000 census and after a decrease in 2010, it rose again for the 2020 census. , According to reports in 2013, "most of Chicago's violent crime comes from gangs trying to maintain control of drug-selling territories", and is specifically related to the activities of the Sinaloa Cartel, which is active in several American cities. Narrative fiction of that time, much of it in the style of "high-flown romance" and "genteel realism", needed a new approach to describe the urban social, political, and economic conditions of Chicago. This local church is pastored by Cardinal Blase J. Cupich, assisted by six Episcopal Vicars, each responsible for a vicariate (region). The City of Chicago was incorporated on Saturday, March 4, 1837, and for several decades was the world's fastest-growing city. , Chicago is famous for its outdoor public art with donors establishing funding for such art as far back as Benjamin Ferguson's 1905 trust. , Chicago's minimum wage for non-tipped employees is one of the highest in the nation and reached $15 in 2021. Chicago. Over the years neighborhoods have seen gradual ethnic change with White ethnic neighborhoods like Brighton Park transitioning to Hispanic, while former Latino neighborhoods like West Town transition to majority non-Hispanic White. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.1 males. Chicago is the theatre capital of the U.S. birthplace of storefront theatre and improv comedy, home to long-running Broadway hits and boasting more world premieres than any other city in the country. It also has entertainment systems inside the gondolas as well as a climate controlled environment. Future expansion will extend the Riverwalk south an additional 1.8 miles from Lake Street to Ping Tom Memorial Park in Chinatown. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. City laws and later, state laws that upgraded standards for the medical profession and fought urban epidemics of cholera, smallpox, and yellow fever were both passed and enforced. This dialect can also be found in other cities bordering the Great Lakes such as Cleveland, Milwaukee, Detroit, and Rochester, New York, and most prominently features a rearrangement of certain vowel sounds, such as the short 'a' sound as in "cat", which can sound more like "kyet" to outsiders.  Much notable Chicago fiction focuses on the city itself, with social criticism keeping exultation in check. , During the 1870s and 1880s, Chicago attained national stature as the leader in the movement to improve public health.  The city of Chicago also hosts 12 Fortune Global 500 companies and 17 Financial Times 500 companies. , During World War II, the city of Chicago alone produced more steel than the United Kingdom every year from 1939 1945, and more than Nazi Germany from 1943 1945. Many additional diagonal streets were recommended in the Plan of Chicago, but only the extension of Ogden Avenue was ever constructed.  In some cases, these exchanges have led to further informal collaborations, such as the academic relationship between the Buehler Center on Aging, Health & Society at the Feinberg School of Medicine of Northwestern University and the Institute of Gerontology of Ukraine (originally of the Soviet Union), that was originally established as part of the Chicago-Kyiv sister cities program.. The Chicago Police Department provides law enforcement and the Chicago Fire Department provides fire suppression and emergency medical services for the city and its residents. and Chicago Med. There are eleven selective enrollment high schools in the Chicago Public Schools, designed to meet the needs of Chicago's most academically advanced students. By the time of its first census, seven years later, the population had reached over 4,000. Frank Gehry's detailed, stainless steel band shell, the Jay Pritzker Pavilion, hosts the classical Grant Park Music Festival concert series. , Chicago is currently the setting for Showtime's Shameless, and NBC's Chicago Fire, Chicago P.D.  Moreover, the construction of the Illinois and Michigan Canal, which helped move goods from the Great Lakes south on the Mississippi River, and of the railroads in the 19th century made the city a major transportation center in the United States. blizzardsoccur, such as the one in 2011. These institutions consistently rank among the top "National Universities" in the United States, as determined by U.S. News & World Report.  The city is the seat of the Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, the Bank's Seventh District.