stendec mystery solved

(STENDEC) A popular photographer who has amassed almost 30,000 followers on Instagram has admitted that his portraits are actually generated by artificial intelligence (AI). The message was repeated-STENDEC, then transmitted a third time. The mystery became an obsession of the innumerable "Bermuda Triangle" crackpots, who attribute almost all unexplained losses of ships and aircraft within a 500,000 square-mile area to paranormal activity. Both in London and in Buenos Aires, the pilot, Reginald Cook, had been briefed not to take this option if bad weather prevailed, but despite this advice, Cook had chosen to fly Stardust along this central route. The last word in Star Dust's final Morse code transmission to Santiago airport, "STENDEC", was received by the airport control tower four minutes before its planned landing and repeated twice; it has never been satisfactorily explained. communication was only possible at this time when the aircraft was If one divides the same dots and dashes in STENDEC differently, the message reads: / . While the fate of Star Dust had finally been solved, remaining in its wake was still the mystery of the crews final messageSTENDEC. See link for the answer to this 63 year old question. Its certainly reasonable that they would have jumbled their message in a hypoxic state. The investigators concluded that the aircraft had not stalled. / -.. / . The letter was not C. Nor were the first two letters of this strange message ST: / . [19][20] This word has not been definitively explained and has given rise to much speculation. Any explanation for STENDEC depends on an understanding of Morse 1 "The Bloop" is an underwater mystery that took nearly 10 years to solve. Something like "We're completely screwed.". Perhaps STENDEC was an abbreviation for a much longer message, an acronym sent in a hurry due to being in a crunch for time. Believers of this theory claim it stood for something like, Stardust tank empty, no diesel, expected crash, or, Santiago tower, emergency, now descending, entering cloud. Experts on Morse code are quick to call hogwash on this theory, however, saying that the crew would have never cryptically abbreviated an important message. Adding to the mystery, two Avro 691 Lancastrian aircraft had crashed during the previous seventeen months. by aliens. However, while the aircraft was unpressurized, its crew had been supplied with oxygen. After an exhausting search, no trace of the aircraft was found. [1][2], The last Morse code message sent by Star Dust was "ETA SANTIAGO 17.45 HRS STENDEC". Due to the poor visibility caused by the storm, its possible that the crew were unaware that their plane was on course to collide with the mountainside, and unknowingly plummeted the aircraft into the summit before eventually succumbing to the elements. Miracle in the Andes is an excellent book by the way. Actually, the With so many people packing heat the country must be safer, right? (STENDEC). Before this message a series of entirely routine messages had been [18], Star Dust is likely to have flown into a nearly vertical snowfield near the top of the glacier, causing an avalanche that buried the wreckage within seconds and concealed it from searchers. A few years later, more debris was found on the mountain, suggesting that the plane had made a head-on impact with the ground due to the close proximity and condition of the wreckage. The public, still reeling from the now-famous flying saucer incident in Roswell, New Mexico, a few weeks earlier, went wild with theories, speculating everything from sabotage to alien abduction. Pages Sign In Register Forgot password? It even inspired a new name for a UFO magazineSTENDEK. The International Civil Aviation Organisation had only recently implemented the airline code for Los Cerrillos just four months prior to the event in April 1947, so its more than possible that the airports radio operator was not yet familiar with the term and failed to recognise it. The dots and dash formed one letter, V: / . This gives us the very Its fate became one of the most puzzling aviation mysteries of its time. The searchers discovered one propeller, its tips scarred and bent backward, indicating that the prop had been revolving when the Lancastrian plowed into the Tupungato glacier. Star Dust crashed into Mount Tupungato, killing all aboard and burying itself in snow and ice.[1][2]. Hence we have: [3][pageneeded], Star Dust carried six passengers and a crew of five on its final flight. At around 5:41pm, after transmitting routine communications to the plane as usual, the control tower at Los Cerrillos Airport in Santiago received this morse code message from Stardust: Perplexed by the final word in the telegram, the Chilean operator requested Stardusts radio officer, Dennis Harmer, to relay the message back to him, only to hear the same word, STENDEC, repeated loud and clearly twice in succession. A WGBH-Boston NOVA: Vanished (2001) program about the crash commented: Some of the six passengers on board seemed to have stepped straight out of an Agatha Christie novel. They included a Palestinian businessman with a sizable diamond sewn into the lining of his jacket; a German migr, Marta Limpert, returning to Chile with the ashes of her dead husband; and a British courier carrying diplomatic correspondence. Each letter in morse code consists of a number of unique dots and dashes, so to scramble a word like descent in such a way is highly unlikely, especially three times in succession. Conspiracy Theory Watch: Don't Drink the Kool Aid. Furthermore, whilst it is relatively easy That was What was experienced radio operator Dennis Harmer trying to say? If spacing between letters is hard to distinguish, its clear to see how some characters can be accidentally mistaken for others, leading to incorrect words or phrases. Plane and Pilot expands upon the vast base of knowledge and experience from aviations most reputable influencers to inspire, educate, entertain and inform. radio operator getting his planes name wrong on 3 occasions. And why not Read on these 10 strange mysteries that were solved later. some similarities both in Morse code and English /- /.-/ .-./ -../ ..-/ / - (Stardust) Almost a year after the loss of Star Tiger, her sister aircraft, Star Ariel, also vanished in good weather while on a flight from Bermuda to Jamaica. Mystery solved. Furthermore, aircraft were usually referred to by their registration, which in Stardusts case was G-AGWH, rather than the more romantic monikers the airline had given them. Another expose from ProPublica propublica.org Bonnie Martin kept the bleeding secret for as long as she could. You're right! Almost certainly Star Tiger ran out of fuel before reaching Bermuda, a consequence of stronger-than-predicted upper-level winds. Furthermore, why would they put ATTENTION at the end of the transmission instead of the beginning? When you try to send too quickly that rythm disappears. - - . Americas owner-flown aircraft enthusiasts and active-pilot resource, delivered to your inbox! Therefore a standard signoff would be sent as the Become a member and get exclusive access to articles, contests and more! The accident aircraft, an Avro 691 Lancastrian 3, was built as constructor's number 1280 for the Argentine Ministry of Supply to carry thirteen passengers, and first flew on 27 November 1945. As mentioned previously, the standard morse code for a distress signal is SOS, which is much easier and quicker to communicate than STENDEC. British Overseas Airways G-AGLX (the registration number) went down on March 23, 1946, and British Overseas Airways G-AGMF crashed on August 20. They were in a remarkable state of preservation; freeze-dried by icy winds, the remains had not suffered bacteriological decay. The most likely reality is that sending STENDEC was a mistake of some sort by Star Dusts radio operator. Fiddling with Morse code seems to offer the best chance of getting Adding to the mystery, two Avro 691 Lancastrian aircraft had crashed during the previous seventeen months. Many people wrote pointing out that STENDEC is an anagram of descent. But would they repeat AR too, not just the airport code, for clarity? The Avro Lancastrian was a civilian version of the wartime Lancaster heavy bomber. Conspiracy Theory Watch: Don't Drink the Kool Aid. Their discovery revived interest in solving the mystery of what had happened to Flight CS59 and its 11 passengers and crew. it as an acronym or an abreviation yields little fruit. Speaking at the Munich Security Conference, Harris Joel is a founding member and the resident keyboard wizard for Umphreys McGee AND a long-time Phish fan! The airliner will stay lost for 51 years until 1998 when mountaineers find parts of the wreckage on Mount Tupungato 50 miles east from the planes destination, Santiago. So apparently the mystery hasn't been solved, because I don't see anything in the article suggesting anyone understands what Stendec meant. Whilst its true that the Lancastrian was unpressurised, the crew - - . The Lancastrian's vanishing act happened at a time of considerable political turmoil in South America. / - (Descent) The Avro Lancastrian began its life as a British Lancaster bomber in World War II. Not understanding the word "STENDEC" he queried it /, which is VALP, the call sign for the airport at Valparaiso, some 110 kilometers north of Santiago. In 1950, one of these, Star Girl, had no fewer than 83 passengers and crew crammed into it on a charter flight from Dublin to Llandow, a low-cost airport near Cardiff in Wales. Understanding STENDEC has been the quest for many experienced and avid radio operators, with online forums dedicated to deciphering what Dennis Harmer was trying to say. / - /. [10], The staff of the BBC television series Horizonwhich presented an episode in 2000 on the Star Dust disappearancereceived hundreds of messages from viewers proposing explanations of "STENDEC". This is, in my opinion, the most plausible theory of what STENDEC was supposed to be. Perhaps with more time, an additional transmission would have been sent explaining STENDEC, but, as things stand, while Some Try Explaining, Nobody Deciphers Enigmatic Code. Another explanation, advanced at the time of the disappearance, between the letters). Jos Avery has been posting his impressive photos Twitter continues to crumble bit by bit. / -.-. The operator understood that Star Dust intended to land in four minutes, but the final word, STENDEC, confused him. It has therefore been suggested that, in the absence of visual sightings of the ground due to the clouds, a navigational error could have been made as the aircraft flew through the jet streama phenomenon not well understood in 1947, in which high-altitude winds can blow at high speed in directions different from those of winds observed at ground level. know for certain, but I believe this is by far the most likely meaning of What did the crew of this flight mean when they sent a cryptic message before crashing? It would have been ETA LATE sounds like a reasonable message a plane would communicate to a control tower, although in the context of the whole sentence, it contradicts the first part completely, as they were only four minutes away from their destination. destroyer escort during the 70's.We were morse code trained. It is now believed that the crew became confused as to their exact location while flying at high altitudes through the (then poorly understood) jet stream. Even if exchanges between two operators become conversational, the operator writes the reply before sending it.From this, and from standard morse procedure, Harmer's transmission would be to inform Stardust's ETA, destination city, airport code SCTI ( Los Cerillos), and conclude with prosign AR (dit dah, dit dah dit) to end transmission. It was the manicured hand of a young woman lying among the ice and rocks. According to experts, if an additional space had been added between the first two letters, STENDEC would translate to: ATTENTION END END OF MESSAGE. It seems a bit redundant to say END and then END OF MESSAGE, however. Voice 'Star Dust' did, however, broadcast a last, cryptic, Morse message; "STENDEC", which was received by Santiago Airport at 17:41 hrs - just four minutes before it's planned landing time. The chances of all of these failing are extremely low, so the theory of hypoxia and the anagram has been ruled out by many. Even if an equipment malfunction had occurred, what are the odds that only one word would be jumbled in the message and that it would be done so three times in exactly the same order? As only one young woman was on board, it was assumed to have been that of Iris Moreen Evans, a 26-year-old from the Rhondda valley. . word is meaningless in almost every language, and trying to use It appears the Chilean operator couldn't decipher the signoff because of these factors. A person suffering hypoxia may possibly make the same mistake consistently three times in succession but is very unlikely to create an anagram of the intended word. makes clear, modern science has answered most of the questions surrounding the 1947 crash of the civilian aircraft Stardust in the Andes east of Santiago, Chile. The It is understood that Iris Evans's sister was found and gave a blood sample after a BBC Horizon programme about the crash. The theory about it being a code for the airport makes a lot more sense. Subscribe now for ad-free access!Register and sign in to a free LGF account before subscribing, and your ad-free access will be automatically enabled. / -. The word STENDEC was corrupted into Stendek and became. Just before the plane disappeared, it Morse allows a maximum of four dots and dashes in any letter, narrowing the possibility for mistakes. [6], A recovered propeller showed that the engine had been running at near-cruising speed at the time of the impact. attention it is common to use the dots and dash for V as a calling Why would STENDEC and STAR DUST are coded similarly in both English and Morse code, causing some to theorize that Harmer sent one when he actually meant the other. Adding to the mystery, two Avro 691 Lancastrian aircraft had crashed during the previous seventeen months. - /. If they wanted to convey distress, they would have sent an SOS., Misinterpretation Theory The following is a similar list of strange mysteries that were solved later with the help of science, history, research, archaeology, coincidences, etc. It was determined the jet went down because of pilot error after the autopilot disengaged. It's reported as looking luminous and spherical, and can vary in diameter - from pea-sized to several metres long. The Chilean operator did mention how Harmers messages came through unusually fast, so there is every chance that some letters were incorrectly spaced and caused confusion to the control tower. STENDEC. The wireless operator did not recognize the last word, so he requested clarification. Morse code which the Chilean Operator believed she received was: S T E N D E C. _ . Discussion of messages offering explanations of STENDEC. Press question mark to learn the rest of the keyboard shortcuts, STENDEC - The Worlds Most Mysterious Morse Code, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pathfinder_(RAF). (ETA LATE) Morse allows a maximum of four dots and dashes in any letter, narrowing the possibility for mistakes. On August 2, 1947, the "Stardust," a Lancastrian III passenger plane with eleven people on board, was almost four hours into its flight from Buenos Aires, Argentina, to Santiago, Chile. clear that STENDEC is not what the message was meant to say. the last message received from Star Dust, sent by Radio Officer "Why do so many earthquakes occur at a depth of 10km?" Theories include everything from sabotage to aliens. . Submissions should outline a mystery and provide a link to a more detailed review of the case such as a Wiki article or news report. - . Both men were last spotted being arrested by deputy Steve Calkins for driving without a license. radio operator and/or receiver in Santiago, and playfulness on behalf Christie could have made something of this, but the passengers were quite unwilling and unwitting victims. A quality comment reply on reddit my mind truly is blown. This is a personal family mystery that got solved a few years ago, so nothing exciting that would have gotten media attention, haha. Full video here breaking down the story -, A subreddit dedicated to the unresolved mysteries of the world. . Furthermore, Her sisters, boyfriend and sons knew nothing of her illness until suddenly, during a family gathering in October 2018 at a diner in Reading The Online Photographer lead me to this article. same combination of dashes and dots as STENDEC, but shifting the spaces in For regular taxpayers, the consequence is slow customer service and processing delays. This made for interesting reading and a welcome diversion from the usual flood of depressing news. The captain, Reginald Cook, was an experienced former Royal Air Force pilot with combat experience during the Second World War, as were his first officer, Norman Hilton Cook, and second officer, Donald Checklin. No trace of the missing Lancastrian aircraft, named Star Dust, could be found. Investigators concluded that the crew, flying in a snowstorm against a powerful jet stream, must have become confused about their location and believed they were closer to their destination then they actually were, with the crash being the result of a controlled descent into terrain. of the station they wish to contact. [10] The Chilean Air Force radio operator at Santiago airport described this transmission as coming in "loud and clear" but very fast; as he did not recognise the last word, he requested clarification and heard "STENDEC" repeated twice in succession before contact with the aircraft was lost. / -.-. Presumed to have crash landed somewhere along the route, a five day effort began by both Chilean and Argentine search teams, including fellow BSAA pilots, yet no trace of the aircraft or its passengers were found. a new clue the truth is we will never know for sure what that final know for certain, but I believe this is by far the most likely meaning of / -.-. Terms of Use/Privacy Policy. . However, the mystery of the final radio message remains. It is thought that the plane may have caused an avalanche upon impact, resulting in the snowy burial of the aircraft, concealing it from searchers whilst at the same time preserving it for its eventual discovery years later. In 1997, an ultra-low frequency, weird but loud noise . On August 2, 1947, the Stardust, a Lancastrian III passenger plane with eleven people on board, was almost four hours into its flight from Buenos Aires, Argentina, to Santiago, Chile. . The problem here though is that, even if this was the case, it would be unusual for Harmer to use a phrase which was not internationally recognised, and only specifically known to allied participants of the war. The STENDEC Puzzle Ever since BSAA Avro Lancastrian Star Dust vanished on a flight from Buenos Aires to Santiago, the ending of its final transmission - STENDEC - has continued to puzzle experts and amateurs alike. This would have explained the suddenness of its disappearance, and the fact that large pieces of wreckage had not been spotted during a wide air and land search. Weird December 2010 Views: 31,751. It was concluded that, being his first Trans-Andean flight in command, and in view of the weather conditions, Cook should not have crossed via the direct route, and despite the absence of a wreckage, the plane likely perished somewhere along the snowy peaks of the Andes Mountains. 56K views 8 months ago #Disasters #History For over 50 years the fate of Flight CS-59 remained a mystery. Earlier this week Margaret Coalwood of Nottingham, now 70, was told that DNA extracted from blood samples taken from her last year had identified the remains of her cousin, Donald Checklin. A which is identical - although with different spacings - to EC. Some politicians have irresponsibly suggested that every new IRS employee will be a gun-toting enforcement agent. It was delivered to BSAA on 12 January 1946, was registered on 16 January as G-AGWH and given the individual aircraft name "Star Dust". They had nothing to do with the crash, other than being present. "Systems to the end navigation depends entirely on circle" (although - / . Sometimes These Enigmas Never Decipher. Sign in to continue reading. Morse '._._.' Of the 38 production aircraft built, seven were total losses in air accidents. Replies analysing and speculating over the mystery and possible explanations are encouraged. Bennett, commander of the Royal Air Force's [Pathfinders](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pathfinder_(RAF) during the Second World War -- it developed an unenviable record for unexplained disappearances of its airliners in flight. The Several body parts were found, mostly intact due to being frozen in ice, and were later confirmed through DNA testing as passengers of Star Dust. But in the absence of https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xa_EU5_gWrA, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1947_BSAA_Avro_Lancastrian_Star_Dust_accident#cite_note-SAR_Technology_-_Aviation_Cold_Case_Response-22, https://www.planeandpilotmag.com/article/a-pilots-last-words-stendec/, https://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/vanished/stendec.html, https://www.bbc.co.uk/science/horizon/2000/vanished.shtml, https://www.thevintagenews.com/2018/02/05/stendec-mystery/, https://www.theguardian.com/uk/2002/sep/06/owenbowcott1v, https://www.theguardian.com/uk/2000/jul/08/2, http://www.sartechnology.ca/sartechnology/ST_STENDEC_ColdCase.htm, http://www.ntskeptics.org/2010/2010december/december2010.pdf, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prosigns_for_Morse_code, https://www.theguardian.com/uk/2002/sep/06/owenbowcott1. Their curse was too much sky. [22] Alternatively, the Morse spelling for "STENDEC" is one character off from instead spelling VALP, the call sign for the airport at Valparaiso, 110 kilometers north of Santiago. ntskeptics.org The "STENDEC mystery," referring to the cryptic message sent by a Lancastrian airliner before it vanished in the Andes, is a staple of the UFO culture. were all supplied with oxygen. Procedures for sending and receiving messages were and are standardised whether you are services or civilian operators.Regarding the 'mystery' surrounding Harmer's last transmission.Firstly, an operator always has in front of them a written copy of the message being sent. But what was Jon Stewart asks when we will have enough guns -- watch to the end to watch him absolutely stick the landing. This page has been archived and is no longer updated. Therefore a standard signoff would be sent as the . The actual sent one final message in Morse code which was picked up by the I remember him in his RAF uniform during the war. It consisted of the single word "STENDEC". 1947 an British South American Airways aircraft named Star Dust disappeared, it's last message was simply "STENDEC". STENDEC Solved (Mystery message from 1947 Andes plane crash) By Shiplord Kirel: Fan of Big Bird, Bert, and Ernie Weird December 2010 Views: 31,837 ntskeptics.org The "STENDEC mystery," referring to the cryptic message sent by a Lancastrian airliner before it vanished in the Andes, is a staple of the UFO culture. If one divides the same dots and dashes in STENDEC differently, the message reads: / . of Stendec. SAR So mysterious was Why would the operator say end? The Foreign Office yesterday confirmed that after initially unsuccessful attempts, Argentinian scientists have found close family matches. With the disappearance occurring less than a month after the now infamous Roswell incident, unexplained events such as a vanishing plane were easily connected to the possibility of alien interference. But the budgetary toll of persistent underfunding is unmistakable. At 17.41 a Chilean Air Force Morse operator in Santiago picked up a message: ETA [estimated time of arrival] Santiago 17.45 hrs. INITIALS I personally believe that the word was a misinterpretation of the code, but theories span far and wide on what the now notorious phrase stood for. (0), By Shiplord Kirel: Fan of Big Bird, Bert, and Ernie. based in Morse code, and have come from people highly familiar with normal for the Radio Operator to start the message by transmitting the name one mystery still remains. It also seems clear that the message was not anticipating a crash, /- (ST) Solve the Mystery of STENDEC Readers' Theories Set #1 Posted January 31, 2001 next set. The flight itself was the last leg of a journey which originated from London, with the trip across the Atlantic taking place in a York aircraft, transferring to the Stardust for the crossing of the Andes Mountains. As it turns out, STENDEC is an anagram of the word descent. One popular theory is that the crew, flying at 24,000 feet in an unpressurized aircraft, suffered from hypoxia. One was a British diplomatic courier, a King's Messenger. This button leads to the main index of LGF Pages, our user-submitted articles. When Harmer and his crew sent their final message to Los Cerrillos, they had no idea that they were seconds away from a fatal impact. - /. Relatives of the crew and passengers aboard a British plane which plunged into an Argentinian glacier 55 years ago have been told this week their DNA samples match human remains recovered from a crash site 15,000ft up in the Andes. After this, British civil aviation authorities withdrew the Tudor's certification to carry passengers, and the few remaining examples concluded their operational service as cargo and tanker aircraft. People all over the world had reported hundreds of flying saucer sightings during the last two weeks of June 1947. hypoxia (lack of oxygen) as the Lancastrian was unpressurised and STENDEC/STAR DUST Theory USGS. The names of the victims were known. For years it was thought to have been mistyped but it is now thought to be a second world war morse code acronym for: "Severe Turbulence Encountered, Now Descending, Emergency Crash-landing". begun to be used four months earlier in April 1947 and the four-letter code The theory is the pilot mistakenly plotted their course as if they were leaving from a different airport, and it led to them crashing into a mountain. STENDEC." That was the last communication sent in Morse code on August 2, 1947, by an Avro 691 Lancastrian aircraft flying for British South American Airways from Buenos Aires, Argentina, to Santiago, Chile. Improperly loaded, it crashed on landing, killing 80 of the people on board -- at the time, the worst air disaster in world history. this method of communication. [15] During the final portion of Star Dust's flight, heavy clouds would have blocked visibility of the ground. There are theories that STENDEC was an abbreviation or acronym of a much larger phrase, and when you break it down you can imagine a whole host of sentences could be constructed using these letters.

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